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Epigynous Berry

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Lingonberries are often used in jams and preserves.  They are an epigynous berry.

Lingonberries are an epigynous berry related to the blueberry.

Image by ratexla via Flickr
Definition:

An epigynous berry is a type of fruit that has an ovary that is inferior (the ovary sits below the rest of the flower parts), which is different than a true berry. As the ovary ripens, other parts like the petals or sepals will stay attached and ripen along with it. For example, if you look at the end of a blueberry, you will see the small sepals.

Examples include:

  • Bananas
  • Blueberries
  • Cranberries
  • Lingonberries
  • Melons and gourds(these are a special kind called a pepo)

Also not true berries:

  • Blackberries (aggregate drupes)
  • Raspberries (aggregate drupes)
  • Strawberries (accessory - true fruit is the seed, called an achene)

For reference, examples of true berries include:

  • Avocados
  • Grapes
  • Peppers
  • Tomatoes
Also Known As: False berry
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