Other Names: St. John's Bread
Native to: Mediterranean region
Fruit: The 4-12" pods are brown and contain 10-13 seeds.
A distant relative is tamarind.Size: The carob tree is usually 30-50' tall.
Hardiness: Can grow in Zones 9-10, 8 with protection
Propagation:Seeds. This tree is dioecious and both male and female trees will be needed.
Uses: Carob is lower in fat than cacao, and it is often used as a chocolate substitute. Extracts from the seeds can also be used as thickeners in cooking. In Germany, a coffee substitute is made from the carob seeds.
In ancient times, the carob seed was used to measure the worth of gems and gold since the seeds have a generally uniform weight. This is where the word "carat" comes from.